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BY SOME OF

n

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UNDER THC GENERAL EDITORSHIP OF

ARTHUR UNDERHILL, M.A., LL.D.,

Of Llncoln'8 Inn^ Barrlster-at-Law ; ' Readej' of the Lata of Ileal and Pei-aeg^S^^^l^kLin Vie Inns of Court ; and Author of '* The iMic of l^uats" cw'Ji^^RSft|J*«T9^« SettU'd Larid Acts*' etc;

[prtgafje."

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Of Gray's Inn, Barrli

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Advice o

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A. MACMORRAN, K.C.,

Bdittfr on LunUeifs l*umic IJealthr

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Of Lincoln's Inn, Banister-at-Law ;

A Joint Editor of ** Davidson's Precedents and

. Forms in Conveyancing.**

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Of Lincoln's Inn, Barrlster-al-Law.

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le Inner Temple, Ban'ister-at-Law.

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One of the Conveyancing Coansel to the Court.

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Conmyandng** etc

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THE purpose of this Work is to supply, in a convenieut and Easily accessible arrangement, a complete collection of all the Forms and Precedents which are necessary to the lawyer in the practice of his profession.

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!•■ ■'

%l^l^f^

REDMAN'S LAW

OP

ARBITRATIONS AND AWARDS.

[FOURTH EDITION.]

CONCISE TREATISE

ON

fb^ lato

OP

ARBITRATIONS & AWARDS,

WITH

Bn Bppenbii:

OF

PRECEDENTS AND STATUTES.

BY

JOSEPH HAWORTH R|1DMAN,

OF THE HIDDIiE TEMPLB, ESQUIRE, BABBISTKC-AT-LAW,

Author of *^A Treatise on tJie Law of Bailway Companies as Carriers,** ** T?ie Law of Landlord- and Tenant/^ d:c.

FOURTH EDITION.

LONDON : BUTTEKWORTH & CO., 12, Bell Yard, Temple Bar, W.C,

Xaw pubUdbetd.

1903.

BKADBURY, A«NEW & CO. LD., PRINTKR8, LONDON AND TONDRIDOE.

PEE FACE

*.'C

TO THE FOURTH EDITION. i'»v

In the last edition, I had to deal with the modifications in the law and practice introduced by the Arbitration Act, 1889. In the present edition my task has been limited to bringing the decisions under that Act and the general law applicable to Arbitrations up to date. These decisions, though not numerous, have been impor- tant in settling points of practice and procedure matters to which the Act was particularly directed.

The precedents have been increased by the addition of further forms commonly required in practice, including forms of special cases.

My labours have been lightened by the assistance of my friend Mr. Horace Freeman, of Lincoln's Inn, in the preparation of the index, and of my clerk Mr. F. C. Brown in the preparation of the table of cases with references to contemj)orary reports.

J. H. EEDMAN.

2, New Coubt, Lincoln's Ink, JVoreinberj 1903.

J

\

PREFACE

TO THE FIRST EDITION.

The author's aim in the present work has been to fumisb, within the limits of a volume of modest bulk, a concise but complete statement of all points of law and practice affecting Arbitrations, from the inception to the final determination of the fate of the award. The necessity for such a book is sufficiently evidenced by the constant complaint of professional men engaged in references, that they have no portable work on the subject. That the author has performed the task of condensation and selec- tion to the satisfaction of all he cannot hope, but he does trust that he has performed it in such a manner as to make the result generally useful.

In the Appendix precedents have been given applicable to the most frequently recurring references ; at the same time considerable pains have been taken to frame them so as to be easily adapted to references, where the subject- matter, or the relation of the parties, is different. Seeing that the subjects of reference are as multifarious as the causes of civil litigation, it would have necessitated a volume more than double the size of the present to have given forms of awards applicable to all possible varieties of circumstances ; the forms contained herein will, how- ever, serve as guides where they cannot be exactly followed

Vlll PREFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION.

as precedents. When the draftsman can find no prece- dent for the award he wishes to make, he should define clea rly to himself what he wishes to direct, ascertain that it is within the limit of his authority, and then direct it to be done in such language as a man of ordinary common sense can understand, and with such exactness that a dishonest party cannot say that it leaves him any doubt as to the how, when, and where of performance.

J. H. K.

March, 1872.

CONTENTS.

PAGE

Comparative Table xvi

Table of Cases xvii

Table of Statutes Iv

CHAPTER I. Introductory definitions framing submissions.

CHAPTER II. Who may be parties to a reference 15

CHAPTER III. What matters mat be referred to arbitration 25

CHAPTER IV.

the arbitration act, 18^i».

Sect. 1. General effect of the Act 39

2. Operation of Act in giving submission the effect of an order

of court 42

CHAPTER V. mode of submission.

Sect. 1. Submission by mutual agreement 47

2. Submission by order of reference by consient 69

3. Compulsory reference 72

4. Submission under particular statutes 74

CHAPTER VI. What matters ark included in a submission 79

X CONTENTS.

CHAPTER Xlh

PAGE

Alteration and amendment of the submission 87

CHAPTER VIII.

duration of the arbitrator's authority under the submission.

Sect. 1. Enlargement of time by the arbitrator or the parties 92

2. Enlargement of time by the court 96

CHAPTER IX. Revocation 100

CHAPTER X.

THE ARBITRATORS AND UMPIRE.

Sect. 1. The arbitrators Ill

2. The umpire 126

3. Remuneration of arbitrators their liability for mis-

conduct 134

4. When an arbitrator may be called as a witness 139

CHAPTER XI.

PROCEEDINGS BEFORE THE ARBITRATOR.

Sect. 1. Preliminaries 142

2. Witnesses 146

3. Evidence 150

CHAPTER XII.

THE AWARD.

Sect. 1. Form and general requisites of an award 162

2. An award must not exceed the submission 174

3. An award must extend to all matters referred 183

4. An award must be certain 188

5. An award must be final 196

6. An award must not be impossible, unreasonable, inconsistent

or illegal 202

7. Award bad in part 205

CHAPTER XIII. Awarding on an action 211

CONTENTS. XI

CHAPTER XIV.

COSTS.

PAGE

Sect. 1. Costa of the reference 228

2. Costs of the action 231

3. Arbitrator's power over costs within the submission 238

4. Taxation of costs 245

CHAPTER XV. Referring back an award 250

CHAPTER XVI. Effect of an award 263

CHAPTER XVII.

SETTING ASIDE AN AWARD,

iScct. 1. Grounds for setting aside an award 278

2. Time limited for moving to set aside an awaitl 288

3. Application and proceedings thereon 287

CHAPTER XVIII.

ENFORCING AN AWARD.

Sect. 1. By summons under Arbitration Act, 1889 293

2. By attachment 297

3. By judgment and execution in the action referred 310

4. By action for a money claim 311

5. By action for specific performance 316

CHAPTER XIX.

REFERENCES TO OFFICIAL AND SPECIAL REFEREES.

Sect. 1 . The position and powers of referees generally 319

2. Reference for inquiry and report 326

3. Reference for trial 331

APPENDIX OF PRECEDENTS AND FORMS.

No. SubmiMiofUf of Future Difffrrncejt :

1. Clause in an instrument providing for the refei-encc of future

disputes 339

2. Clause refen-ing future disputes to two arbitrators or their

umpire short form 340

3. Clause referring future differences to an arbitrator named, or to

be named by a public official 340

Xll CONTENTS.

No. PAGE

4. Clause giving a valuation the incidents of a reference in

conditions of sale 341

5. Notice requiring a pai'ty to concur in the appointment of a sole

arbitrator 341

6. Request to concur in appointing a single arbitrator before

proceeding to appointone of two 342

7. Joint appointment of a single arbitrator 342

8. Appointment by one party of an arbitrator under a clause

referring future differences 343

9. Notice of the appointment to the other party 343

10. Notice to one arbitrator to act alone on default of other party

to appoint 344

11. Notice to apix)int an arbitrator in the place of one who refuses

to act, or is incapable of acting, or dies 344

12. Notice of application to stay to a party who has commencetl an

action in respect of matters agreed to be referred 345

Submijtiiio?ui of Ea.'isting Differenrejt,

13. Submission of all existing differences to a single arbitrator

short form 346

14. Submission of specific differences to a single arbitmtor short

form 346

15. Submission to two arbitiators or their umpire by deed ampler

form 347

16. Order of reference of action by consent under Arbitration Act,

1889, s. 14 849

17. The same shorter form 350

18. Order of reference by consent to two arbitrators or their umpire 351

19. Special clauses in submission 352

(1) Partnerehip reference power to award dissolution, kc. 352

(2) In a submission by an executor or administrator, refer-

ence not to be an admission of assets 353

(3) Particulars of claims, &c., to be furnished bv each party 354

(4) Evidence ' 354

(5) Arbitrator may decide without taking evidence 354

(6) Umpire to sit with arbitrators 355

(7) Evidence taken by arbitrators may be acted on by

umpire 355

(8) Costs to abide event of award 355

(9) Costs of action abide event ; other costs in discretion

of arbitrator 355

(10) Each party pay own costs of reference ; award to be

paid in moieties 355

(11) Power to certify 355

(12) Power to employ accountant 355

(13) Legal assessor 355

(14) Opinion of counsel 356

(15) Power to have maps, &c., made 356

(16) Power to fix price of land and employ a surveyor in a

submission between a vendor and purchaser 356

(17) Power to make several awards 356

Apjwintinefit of I'nipire and other Proceedingx after the Suhm'iMnion^

20. Appointment of a third arbitrator by the two others pursuant to

the submission 356

CONTENTS. Xlll

No. PAGE

21. Appointment of an umpire 357

22. Appointment of an umpire in the place of one who dies or

refuses to act 357

23. Notice calling upon the arbitratore to act 367

24. Notice to the umpire by the arbitrators of disagreement 358

25. Appointment of a meeting by arbitrator 358

26. Appointment of meeting with notice of intention to proceed

ex parte 358

27. Originating summons for the appointment of an arbitrator 369

28. Originating summons lor leave to revoke submission 359

29. Revocation of arbitrator's authority 360

30. Notice of revocation to the arbitrator and the other party 360

31. Summons to stay action after agreement to refer 361

32. Notice of motion to stay an action contrary to agreement to refer 361

33. Order staying action after agreement to refer, made on motion... 362 3-1. SuhpcenaioT attendance of witnesses before arbitrator 362

35. Suhpcena dui'ffx teeuni 363

36. Summons for enlargement of time for making award 363

37. Enlargement of time by arbitrator under a power in the sub-

mission 363

38. Enlargement of time by the parties 364

39. Form of oath to be administereil to a witness 364

40. Form of affirmation by a witness 364

41. Oath in Scotch form 364

42. Notice to the parties of the award made 365

A wards.

43. Award by a single arbitrator determining cross claims and ortler-

ing payment of a sum by one party to the other 365

44. Awani by three arbitrators, on a submission by several persons

respecting claims under three wills '. 366

45. Award by two arbitrators of compensation for land taken under

the Lands Clauses Consolidation Act, 1845 370

46. Awaixi on a reference of an action by order of K.B.D 371

47. Commencement of an award on a reference by an order of nisi

prius made at the assizes 372

48. Commencement of an awartl on a submission by order of the

Chancery Division 373

49. Commencement of an award on a submission by mutual bonds... 373

50. Commencement of an award under a clause for referring f utui'e

differences in a building contract 373

51. Commencement of an umpirage 374

52. Recital of enlargement of time by consent of the parties 375

53. Recital of enlargement of time by several orders of court 375

54. Award on a general reference by a mortgagor and mortgagee ... 376 .'>5. Award of a partnership to be dissolved, &c 377

56. Award on a reference between landlord and tenant, finding that

certain covenants have been broken, and ordering payment of a sum in respect thereof .S78

57. Special clauses in awards 379

(1) Each party to pay his own costs of reference and

one-half the costs of the award 379

(2) Costs of reference and award to be paid in eriual

moieties 379

(3) Certificate for special jury, &c 379

XIV CONTENTS.

No. PAGET

67. Special clauses in awards (eatit hived),

(4) Mutual releases if re([uired 379

(5) One party to execute a release on payment of a sum

of money by the other party 371)

(6) Release at the cast of the party released 380

(7) Award on the several issues in an action 380

(8) The like 880

(9) Award on a plea of mm eitt factum 380

(10) Awanl of verdict for the defendant 380

(11) Award on action, counterclaim and set-off 380

(12) The like 881

(13) Award in ejectment 381

(14) Award of a conveyance of freeholds 381

(15) Award of an assignment of a lease 381

(16) Award to deliver up a bond to be cancelled 382

(17) Award of a wall to be built 382

(18) Awaixl of a wall to be pulled down 382

(19) Awartl of manner in which a weir is to be maintained

in future 383

(20) Awanl that one party has no intei-est in the subject of

reference 388

(21) Award that the proi)erty in premises is in one party,

subject to an easement of the other party 383

58. Certificate of an ai-bitrator when a verdict is taken subject to his

certificate 384

59. Award on a former award being sent back to the arbitrator for

his re-consideration 884

60. Indorsed memorandum correcting a slip in the award pursuant

to 8. 7 of the A. A. 1889 385

61. Indorsed memorandum correcting a clerical error in the Christian

name of one of the parties 385

Special Case*.

62. Special case stated by an arbitrator on questions of law under

8. 19 of the A. A. 1889 386

63. Award by an umpire in the form of a special case under s. 7 of

the A. A. 1889 38S

Enforcing and Setting attide Atcard,

64. Summons for leave to enforce award under s, 12 of A. A.

1889 391

65. Affidavit of execution of award on application to enforce 392

66. Notice of motion to set aside or remit an award 392

References to Referees,

67. Summons for reference to a referee 393

68. Order of reference under s. 13 of A. A. 1889 394

69. Order of reference under 8. 14 of A. A. 1889 395

70. Appointment by special referee of time and place of hearing ... 395

71. Report of special referee 396

72. Notice of motion to vary or remit report on further consideration 396 78. Notice of motion to adopt report— further consideration not

adjourned 396

74, Notice of motion for remitting report when cause tried 897

CONTENTS. XV

APPENDIX OF STATUTES.

PAQE

8 & 9 Vict. c. 18, ss. 23—37, The Lands Clauses Consolidation Act, 1 845 398 12 & 13 Vict. c. 45, ss. 12 15, An Act to Amend the Procedure in

Courts of General and Quarter Sessions, 1849 402

17 & 18 Vict. c. 125,88. 3—17, The Common Law Procedure Act, 1854 404

22 & 23 Vict. c. 69, RaUway Companies Arbitration Act, 1859 410

38 & 39 Vict. C.55, ss. 179—181, The Public Health Act. 1875 415

52 & 53 Vict. c. 49, The Arbitration Act, 1889 418

Index 427

XVI

CONTENTS.

rOMPARATIVE TABLB

Of Sections of the Arbitration Act. 1889, and the Statutory

Provisions tmey Replace.

A. A. 1889.

Previous Provisions.

8.

1.

8.

2.

8.

3.

8.

4.

8.

o.

8.

6.

8.

7.

8.

8.

8.

9.

S.

10

s.

11.

8.

12.

8.

13.

8.

U.

S.

15.

8.

16.

S.

17.

S.

IR.

s.

19.

8.

20.

S.

21.

S.

22.

ss.

23 to 30

Scheilule 1

('0

11

W

'1

(0

•«

i^

•»

«»

(/)

>•

(/7)

(/O

(0

3 & 4 Will. IV. c. 42, 8. 39 : C. L. P. Act, 1854, s. 17.

New.

J. A. 1884,8. 11.

C. L. P. Act, 1854,8. 11.

C. L. P. Act, 1854,8. 12.

0. L. P. Act, 1854,8. 13.

3 & 4 Will. IV. c. 42, s. 41 ; C. L. P. Act. 1854,8. 5.

3 & 4 Will. IV. c. 42, 8. 40.

C. L. P. Act, 1854, 8. 15.

C. L. P. Act, 1854,8.8.

9 & 10 Will. III. c 15, 8. 2.

New

J. A. 1873, 8. 56.

J. A. 1S73, 8. 57.

J. A. 1873, S8. 56 & 58.

J. A. 1873,8.59.

J. A. 1873, 8. 59.

New.

U. L. P. Act, 1854. s. 4.

New.

New.

3 & 4 Will. IV. c 42, 8. 41.

New.

New.

C. L. P. Act, 1854, 8. 14.

C. L. P. Act, 1854, 8. 15.

C. L. P. Act, 1854, s. 15.

New

3&4 Will. IV. c 42,8.40.

3 & 4 Will. IV. c 42, s. 41. .

New.

New.

]

TABLE OF CASES,

A.

PAGK ACKARY, Be, 3 Ch. D. 125 ; 45 L. J., Bkcy. 133 ; 34 L. T. 666 ; 24

W. R. 932 147

Adam v. Rowe, 15 L. J., Q. B. 223 ; 3 D. & L. 331 ; 10 Jur. 840 ... 214 Adams v, Adams, 2 Mod. 169 164

r. Bankart, 1 C, M. & R. 681 16, 21

t?. Catley, 66 L. T. 687 ; 40 W. R. 570 60

r. Great North of Scotland Rail. Co. [1891] A. C. 31, 39 ... 275

f. Statham, 2 Show. 61 20

Adcock V. Wood, 2 L., M. &; P. 501 ; 6 Kx. 814 ; 20 L. J., Ex. 435 :

affd. in error, 7 Ex. 468 ; 21 L. J., Ex. 204 85, 314

Addison v. Gray, 2 Wils. 293 205, 241

Agar*. Macklew, 2 S. & S. 418 51

Ahrbecker r. Frost, 17 Q. B. D. 606 ; 55 L. J., Q. B. 477 ; 65 L. T.

264 ; 34 W. R. 789 212, 235

Aitcheson r. Cargey, 2 Ring. 199 ; 13 Price, 639 ; 9 Moore, 381 ;

1 M'Clel. 367 186, 207, 242

Aitken v. Batchelor, 62 L. J., Q. B. 193 ; 68 L. T. 530 ; 5 R. 218 ...2, 224

Alder r. SaviU, 5 Taunt. 454 89, 204

Aldington, Re, 15 C. B., K S. 375 ; 11 W. R. 202 ; 9 L. T. 582 16

Alexander v. Campbell, 41 L. J., Ch. 478 ; 27 L. T. 25 55. 6,S

V, Mendl, 22 L. T., N. S. 609 63; 67

Allen T. Francis, 9 Jur. 691 149

V, Greenslade, 33 L. T. 567 256, 27S

V, Harris, 1 Ld. Raym. 122 270

tr. Lowe, 4 Q. B. 66 ; 12 L. J., Q. B. 116 211

V, Milner, 2 C. & J. 47 ; 2 Tyr. 113 271

Allenby v. Proudlock, 5 K & M. 636 ; 4 Dow. 54 ; 1 H. & W. 357... 242,

249, 283, 289

Ames V. Milward, 8 Taunt. 637 203

Amos r. Heme Bay, &c., Co., 54 L. T. 264 139

Amstell 1-. Lesser, 16 Q. B. D. 187 ; 55 L. J., Q. B. 114 ; 53 L. T.

. 759; 34W. R. 230 30a

Anderson v. Wallace, 3 CL & h\ 26 125, 164, 158

Andrews v. Barnes, 39 Ch. D. 133 ; 57 L. J., Ch. 694 ; 58 L. T. 748 ;

36 W. R. 705 ; 63 J. P. 4 240

r. Eaton, 7 Ex. 221 ; 21 L. J., Ex. 110 98^

V, Palmer, 4 B. & A. 250 109

Angus V. Bedford, 11 M. &. W. 69 ; 2 Dow., N. S. 735 ; 12 L. J.,

Ex. 180 180, 187, 221

r. Smythies, 2 F. & F. 381 160

Annlng v. Hartley, 27 L. J., Ex. 145 165, 252, 255, 259, 260

Anon., 2 Chitt. 44 152

1 Cromp. 270 304

Dyer, 242 a 178

A. I

>

XVlll TABLE OF CASES.

PAGE Anon., 1 Salk. 71 143

1 Vent. 87 164

Ansell V. Evans, 7 T. R. 1 48

Antrara r. Chace, 15 East, 209 ; 1 Rose, 344 17, 47, 51, 268

Arbuckle r. Price, 4 Dow. 174 156

Archer r. Owen, 9 Dow. 341 ; 6 Jur. 340 163, 204, 208

Armitage r. Coates, 4 Ex. 641 ; 19 L. J., Ex. 95 213

Annitt v. Breame, 2 IxL Raym. 1076 189, 191

Armstrong r. Marshall, 4 Dow. 593 : 1 H. & W. 643 150

Ashcroft V. Foulkes, 25 L. J.. C. P. 202 ; 18 C. B. 261 ; 2 Jur.,

N. S. 449 235

Ashton r. Poynter, 2 Dow. 651 ; 3 Dow. 201 Ill, 279

Ashworth r. Heathcot€, 6 Bing. 596 83, 90

Astley, &c., Co. and Tyldealey Coal Co., He, 68 L. J.. Q. B. 252 ; 80

L. T. 116 : 15 Times L. R. 154 8, 11

Astlev r. Jov, 9 A. & B. 702 246

Aston r. George, 2 B. & A. 395 ; 1 Chitt. 204 101

Atkinson r. Jones, 1 D. & L. 225 ; 7 Jur. 881 83, 175

Atlas Metal Co. r. Miller [1898] 2 Q. B. 500 ; 79 L. T. 5 ; 46 W. R.

657 ; 67 L. J., Q. B. 815 246

Att.-Gen. r. Davison, M»C1. & Y. 160 150

r. Fea, 4 Madd. 274 23

Aubert r. Maze, 2 B. & P. 371 204

Auriol r. Smith, T. & R. 121 205, 209

Austrian Llovd Steam. Co. r. Gre^ham Life Assurance Co. [1903]

1 K. B. 249 ; 72 L. J., K. B. 211 ; 88 L. T. 6 ; 51 W. R. 402 ;

19 Times L. R. 155 57

Autothreptic Steam Boiler Co.,i?^,21 Q. B. D. 182; 57 L. J.,Q.B.

488 ; 59 L. T. 632 ; 37 W. R. 15 227

B.

Babbage r. Coulboum, 9 Q. B. D. 235 ; 51 L. J., Q. B. 638 ; 46 L. T. 283 ; 30 W. R. 950 ; affd. 52 L. J., Q. B. 50 ; 46 L. T. 794 30 \V R. 950 n. ... 55

Bache r. ' Billinghain [1894 ]* 1* Q.' "bV 107 V 63 L." JV, M.' cV 1 V 69 L.' T.*

648 ; 42 W. R. 217 ; 58 J. P. 181 ; 9 R. 79 38, 315

Backhouse r. Taylor, 20 L. J., Q. B. 233 20, 130

Bacon r. Cresswell, 1 Hodges, 189 91

r. Dubarry, 1 Ld. Raym. 246 14, 20

Badger, i?^, 2 B. & A. 691 145, 204

Badische Anilin,&c.. Fabrik r. Levinstein, 48 L. T. 822 ; 24 Ch. D.

156 ; 52 L. J., Ch. 704 ; 31 W. R. 913 327

Badley r. Loveday, 1 B. & P. 81 802

Baguley r. Markwick, 30 L. J., C. P. 342 ; 9 \V. R. 537 ; 10 C. B.,

N. S. 61 258, 276

Baillie r. Edinburgh Gas Co., 3 CI. & F. 6.39 199

Baily r. Curling, 20 L. J., Q. B. 235 ; 2 L., M. & P. 161. ..188, 239, 300, 306 Baker v. Cotterill, 18 L. J., Q. B. 345 ; 7 D. & L. 20... 158, 159, 213, 296

r. Hunter, 16 M. & W. 672 ; 4 D. & L. 696 ; 16 L. J. Ex. 203 261

i\ Stephens, L. R., 2 Q. B. 523 ; 36 L. J., Q. B. 236 ; 15 W. R.

902 ; 8 B. & S. 438 93

r. Townsend, 7 Taunt. 422 79

r. Towushend, 1 Moore, 120 ; 7 Taunt. 422 26

V, Wells, 9 Dow. 323 ; 5 Jur. 41 302

r. Yorkshire, &c.. Assurance Co. [1892] 1 Q. B. 144 ; 61 L. J.,

Q. B. 838 ; 66 L. T. 161 2

TABLE OF CA8BS. XIX

PAOE

Ball 1?. Dunsterville, 4 T. R. 313 17

Baltic Co. V. Simpson, 24 W. R. 390 329

BanfiU r. Leigh, 8 T. R. 671 20, 83, 177

Banks r. Banks, 1 Gale, 46 149

Bargraye r. Atkins, 3 Lev. 413 192

Baring Brothers and Doulton, Re, 61 L. J., Q. B. 704 ; 8 Times,

L. R. 701 104

Baring-Gould r. Sharpington, &c., Syndicate [1899] 2 Ch. 80 ; 68

L. J., Ch. 429 ; 80 L. T. 739 ; 47 W. R. 564 ; 16 Times L. R.

366 9, 30, 93, 131

Barker v. Tibson, 2 Wm. Bl. 953 240

Barnard r. Moss, 1 Hy. Bl. 107 237

Barnardiston v. Fowler, 10 Mod. 204 84, 177

Barnes n Braithwaite, 2 H. & N. 569 136

V, Hayward, 1 H. & N. 742 137, 248

r. Youngs [1898] 1 Ch. 414 ; 46 W. R. 382 ; 67 L. J., Ch.

263 62,63

Barry r. Grogan, 16 W. R. 727 23

v. Rush, 1 T. R. 691 19

Barton r. Ransom, 6 Dow. 597 289

r. Ranson, 3 M. & W. 322 190, 199

Baspole's Case, Yelv. 203 85

Bass r. Maitland, 8 Moore, 44 304

Bateman t?. Ross, 1 Dow. 236 23

Bates V, Cooke, 9 B. & C. 407 128, 134

V. Townley, 19 L. J., Ex. 399 ; 2 Ex. 152 ; 12 Jur. 606 272

BayUs r. Lintott, 42 L. J., C. P. 119 ; L. R., 8 C. P. 354 ; 28 L. T.

666 236

Beale v, Beale, RoUe, Ab. " Arb." H. 14 191

Beanr. Newbury, 1 Lev. 139 14, 132

Beard r. Perry, 31 L. J., Q. B. 180 ; 2 B. & S. 493 235

Bearup v. Peacock, 2 D. & L. 850 ; 14 M. & W. 149 ; 14 L. J., Ex.

232 216

Beaufort (Duke of) and Swansea Harbour Trustees, Re, 29 L. J., C. P.

241 ; 8 C. B., N. S. 146 ; 6 Jur., N. S. 979 ; 1 L. T. 370 ; 8

W. R. 188 184, 185

Beaufort v, Ashbumham, 32 L. J., C. P. 97 ; 13 C. B., N. S. 598 ; 7

L. T. 710 ; 11 W. R. 267 248

(Dukeof) t7.Welch,10 A. & E.527; 3 Jur. 794 186, 203

Beck, Re, 1 C. B., W. S. 695 120

r. Sargent, 4 Taunt. 232 134

Beckett r. Midland Rail. Co., L. R., 1 C. P. 241 : 35 L. J., C. P. 163 ;

14 W. R. 393 ; 13 L. T. 672 ; 1 H. & R. 189 28

Bedam r. Clerkson, 1 Ld. Raym. 123 177, 193

Beddow r. Beddow, 47 L. J., Ch. 588 ; 9 Ch. D. 89 ; 26 W. R.

670 85, 112, 116

Bedington r. Southall, 4 Price, 232 156

Bedwell v. Wood, 46 L. J., Q. B. 725 ; 2 Q. B. D. 626 ; 36 L. T. 213 237

Beeley r. Wingfield, 11 East, 46 25

Belcher r. Roedean School, &c., 85 L. T. 468 103, 104, 114

Belfield v. Bourne [1894] 1 Ch. 521 ; 63 L. J.. Ch. 104 ; 69 L. T.

786 ; 42 W. R. 189 ; 8 R. 61 64

Bell r. Belson, 2 Chitt. 157 225

V, Gipps, 2 Ld. Raym. 1141 191

r. Postlethwaite, 5 E. & B. 695 ; 25 L. J., Q. B. 63 ; 1 Jur.,

N. S. 1167 91

52

XX TABLE OF CASES.

PAGE

Bennett f. Skardon, 6 M. & R. 10 285

V. Watson, 29 L. J., Ex. 357 ; 5 H. & N. 831 ; 6 Jur., N. S.

637 ; 8 W. R. 612 95

Benwellr. Hinxman, 3 Dow. 500 ; 1 C, M. & R. 936 : 5 Tyr. 509... 95 Besant r. Wood, 12 Ch. D. 622 : 48 L. J., Ch. 497 ; 40 L. T.

446 24

Bexley Local Board v. West Kent Sewerage Board, 9 Q. B. D. 518 ;

51 L. J., Q. B. 456 ; 47 L. T. 192 ; 31 W. R. 119 ; 46 J. P. 519 6

Bhear r. Harradine, 7 Ex. 269 ; 21 L. J., Ex. 127 186, 241

Bidden v. Dowse, 6 B. & C. 255 ; 9 D. & R. 404 21, 51

Bidder v. North Stafford Rail. Co., 4 Q. B. D. 412 ; 48 L. J., Q. B.

248 ; 40 L. T. 801 ; 27 W. R. 540 1, 78, 171

Biggs V. Hansen, 16 C. B. 562 149

Bignan v. Gale, 10 L. J., C. P. 169; 2 M. & G. 830 ; 9 Dow. 631 ;

3 Scott, N. R. 108 ; 5 Jur. 701 155, 161

Bird V. Bird, 1 Salk. 74 177

V. Cooper, 4 Dow. 148 82, 175

V, Penrice, 6 M. & W. 7r.4 261

Birks V. Trippet, 1 Saund. 28c, 32 82, 184, 315

Birmingham (Mayor of) v. Allen, W. N. (1877) 190 828, 32»

Blackett r. Bates, L. R., 1 Ch. 117 ; 35 L. J., Ch. 324 ; 2 H. & M.

610 318

Blair r. Jones, 20 L. J., Ex. 295 ; 6 Ex. 701 230

Blake r. Appleyard, 47 L. J., Ex. 407 ; 3 Ex. D. 195 ; 26 W. R.

692 236

Blanchard r. LiUy, 9 East, 497 220

r. Sun Fire Office, 6 Times L. R. 365 113, 117, 280

Blennerhasset t:. Day, 2 Ban & B. 104 117

Block V. Palgrave, Cro. Eliz. 797 166

Bluck, Be, 22 L. J., C. P. 173 191

Blunden v. Brettargh, 17 Yes. 232 106, 167, 816

Blunt r. Cooke, 4 M. & G. 458 90

Blyth and Tyne Rail. Co., Be, 1 1 W. R. 705 130

Blythe r. Lafone, 1 E. &. E. 435 ; 28 L. J., Q. B. 164 ; 5 Jur., N. S.

364 58

Bonner r. Charlton, 5 East, 139 ; 1 Smith, 369 70, 219, 220

f. Liddell, 1 B. & B. 80 181

Boodle V. Davies, 3 A. & B. 200 ; 4 N. & M. 788 ; 1 H. & W. 420... 24,

181, 288, 289,